Writing Results and Discussion

Writing Results and Discussion Instructions

 

            Throughout this course you have learned about the importance of research in counseling and how evidence-based research can inform how counselors practice.  This assignment will help you develop the skill of interpreting data and writing results based upon your research findings.  On page two, there is a case scenario with a detailed summary of the problem, purpose, research question, null hypothesis, study design, raw data, method of analysis of the data, and the results. Address the following questions in ONE well-developed paragraph that has a logical flow using current APA format (an example is given). This paragraph should be no more than 1/2 to 1 page. For further study, section 3 of the APA manual discusses Journal Article Reporting Standards.

 

  • What type of study design is used? Please explain.
  • Does the study design accurately test the null hypothesis?
  • Is the correct statistical test used to analyze the data? Why? Why not?
  • Regardless of whether or not the correct statistical test was used, are the results statistically significant? Social science research uses a p value of .05 to determine statistical significance.
  • Does the researcher reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?
  • What are the implications of the results for the study and the counseling field?

 

 

Writing Results and Discussion Case Scenario

Counselors and school counselors are concerned that the current treatments being offered for smoking dependence are not resulting in a high enough percentage of successful outcomes for adolescents. A complicating factor is that many adolescents experience depression during treatment for smoking dependence. Mindfulness Therapy has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of depression. The purpose of the study is to determine the efficacy of adding Mindfulness Therapy to the standard treatment program. The research question is: Will the addition of Mindfulness Therapy with standard treatment improve the efficacy of that treatment when used for adolescents with smoking dependence?

Standard Treatment Standard Treatment & Mindfulness
14

18

9

12

11

17

10

11

13

17

14

21

8

14

12

14

15

16

7

12

8

12

4

4

3

10

15

9

3

10

9

10

6

9

7

8

10

10

8

7

The researchers designed a study using a convenience sample of 20 participants who have entered treatment for smoking dependence. The participants were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups, the standard treatment program or the standard treatment program with Mindfulness Therapy. Participants will receive treatment for 16 weeks and then complete a Youth Specific version of the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS). The treatment groups are considered equivalent at the beginning of the study based on random assignment to groups. The null hypothesis states there will be no difference in scores on the NDSS between those who receive the standard treatment program and those who receive the standard treatment program with Mindfulness Therapy. The researcher used a paired or correlated groups t-test to analyze the data.

 

The scores on the Youth-Specific NDSS for the two treatment groups are:

Paired Samples T-Test Results

The results are t(19) = 6.42, p = .000.

Standard Treatment Means = 13.25 (Standard Deviation = 3.50)

Standard Treatment AND Mindfulness Means= 8.1 (Standard Deviation = 3.04)

 

 

 

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