human papillomavirus (HPV)

Description

The most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States is human papillomavirus (HPV). Statistics show that over 79 million Americans, typically late teens to early 20’s is the most affected population. HPV can cause genital warts or cancer, there are several different types of HPV. There are immunizations to help protect both males and females from contracting the virus. HPV is spread through sexual intercourse, oral, vaginal, or anal sex. The person that is infected can develop symptoms years after they are infected (CDC, 2019). HPV is detected by a Pap in women, if the pap comes back with abnormal cells than the provider will repeat the test in a year. In a year if the pap is still abnormal than the women will have a colposcopy to detect abnormal cells and a biopsy will be done with the colposcopy. After the colposcopy the woman will have a procedure to remove the abnormal cells and she will have a pap yearly. There is no way to test HPV in men currently. Typically, HPV testing is started at the age of 30 years old in women and is continued until the age of 65 (Mayo Clinic, 2019). There is no cure for HPV, but the body’s immune system will fight off the infection. HPV testing is done every three to five years depending on the policy of the facility. If the woman has had an abnormal pap than they will have a pap every year until they have three consecutive negative pap’s than the will be monitored every three years.

References

CDC, (2019). Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm (Links to an external site.)

Mayo Clinic, (2019). HPV Test. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/hpv-test/about/pac-20394355

 

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