Violence is a part of our society. Our children see it in the schools, we see it on the news, and we entertain ourselves with a genre of horror movies that portray a severe level of cruelty and violent behavior. The stores are filled with violent video games marketed to adults and children alike. Our enemies are portrayed as violent, our heroes are too. The behavioral science research tells us that violence is a continuum that ranges from instrumental to reactive violence. Most occurs in the middle. Instrumental violence is when violence is committed secondary to the goal, such as shooting a store clerk while committing robbery. Reactive violence is in response to a perceived threat. An example of this would be a road rage incident that ends in violence.

There has been a great deal of discussion about what causes violence. Is it the media? Is it biological aggression? Is it learned behavior? Is it fear? As you investigate the cause consider all the possibilities that may contribute. There is probably not one single cause, but a combination of individual and societal factors.

Workplace Violence


One area that has gained a lot of media attention is workplace violence. Like schools, the workplace was considered to be a relatively safe environment. The threat, if one exists, comes from the outside. We have seen a number of high-profile workplace violence situations perpetrated by disgruntled employees or domestic violence issues that spilled over. The issue of workplace violence is complex. Many employers have added anti-violence policies to clarify unacceptable behavior. These policy additions are only as good as the training that goes with them. Training, to react appropriately to a violent event, minimizes injury and loss of life.



Sexual Assault and Rape

Other areas of civil court jurisdiction are based on a dispute in which some remedy is desired. The remedy can be financial, as in the award of compensation, or it can be behavioral, as in inducing or prohibiting behavior. These types of cases are on the news every day. Malpractice suits, class action suits against a manufacturer, neighbor property line disputes, wills, and competency of an elderly relative are all examples of civil cases.




For this module, read the following in Bartol & Bartol:


Chapter 8 & 9 (5th ed.)

Active Learning Discussion Guidelines


In the Active Learning threaded discussion area, respond to the stated questions, including any relevance to and implications on the field of criminal justice. Be sure to discuss the issue(s) to which the question pertains. Remarks can include your opinion(s), but must be based on experience, research, and/or prior learning. Use this exercise to foster a rich dialogue with your colleagues about issues that are important to the field of criminal justice.




During the span of the discussion, you must post to the board on four unique days.




Your initial posting must be no less than 200 words and is due no later than Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT. The day you post will count as one of your required four unique postings.


You will also be required to post responses to at least three of your colleagues’ initial postings. Responses must be no less than 100 words, be posted on at least three unique days, and are due no later than Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT.

Active Learning Discussion 5


The Active Learning Discussion Question for this module is posted on the Active Learning 5 Discussion Board.




  •     Post an initial response and then post responses to your classmates.
  •     Be sure to review both the Active Learning Discussion Guidelines in the Start Here menu before posting.

Written Assignment 5
Your written Assignment is:

Discuss the behavioral and psychological characteristics of sex offenders.  Be sure to include male, female and juvenile sex offenders in your investigation


This is a research-based APA review of literature assignment and cannot include any personal opinion, experience, or hypothetical scenarios. Consider using the readings for this module as a starting point and then use the research literature to gain a more in-depth view of what each group deals with in the course of their professional work. This must be in APA format and include a cover page, abstract, discussion, conclusion, and references. Your paper should go beyond the obvious, be written at a graduate level, and must be at least 1,200 words in length. You must use at least two outside scholarly and/or professional sources other than your textbook.  Remember, all resources including, but not limited to, journals, magazine, and/or books must be properly cited using APA style

"Get Help With Your Essay
. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help!

Order Now