Short Answer Questions:
- You are a pediatric nurse auscultating heart sounds on a newborn.
- Where on the thoracic surface do you auscultate to the tricuspid, mitral (bicuspid), pulmonary, and aortic valves?
- A ventricular septal defect is a hole in the heart muscle wall between the right and left ventricles. On a newborn, where do you think would be the best place to auscultate abnormal heart sound? Explain your answer.
- What are the normal sounds of the heart? Explain what causes these sounds.
- When a ventricular septal defect occurs, the heart allows blood to mix between the two ventricular chambers.
- Due to this defect would you expect the blood to move from left-to-right ventricle or right-to-left ventricle during systole?
- Based on your understanding of blood pressure and resistance in the heart and great vessels, explain your answer to question 3a.
- Trace the path of a blood cell as it travels through the body. Start and end with the inferior vena cava. = Then, trace the path of a blood cell traveling through the body starting and ending with the superior vena cava.
- Which side of the heart contains oxygenated blood? Explain. Which side of the heart contains deoxygenated blood? Explain.
- Explain systemic cardiac output. What factors are involved in cardiac output?
*Some questions adapted from Pearson’s Mastering Instructor Resources for Amerman, E. C. (2019) Human anatomy & physiology (2nd ed.).
Length: 750-1200 words
Structure: Include a title page and reference page in APA style. These do not count towards the minimal word amount for this assignment. Please include an introduction paragraph and a conclusion paragraph for the case study.
References: Use the appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. Include at least two (2) scholarly sources to support your claims.
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