Week 5 Discussion: Integrating Source Materials and Adding Visual Elements

There are two parts to this discussion:

  • Integrating source material via a quote and a paraphrase; and
  • Sharing some possible types of visual elements that might be useful in your paper.


Integrating Source Materials (Quote and Paraphrase)


Here you are going to practice integrating source material.  Find a quote you like and get the complete citation for it.  Follow the instructions below, noting that both sections ask for a signal phrase to introduce the source material.  Both parts require appropriate in-text citation in the style you are using.

  • Following the “sandwich technique” described in this week’s required reading, post a direct quotation from one of your sources as it would appear within the body of your research paper. Be sure that you introduce your quote with a signal phrase, provide some commentary for the quote, and include the appropriate in-text citations for your documentation style. Follow the source material with closing commentary or analysis to link it to your thesis/purpose.
  • Next, paraphrase the same quotation and use a signal phrase and closing commentary to demonstrate how the paraphrase would appear in your research paper; include an in-text citation in the documentation style you are using for your paper. Be sure to label which documentation style you are using and include the appropriate bibliography entry as the source will appear on your works cited, reference, or bibliography page.  ​It is best to avoid large block quotes for this assignment, since the goal is to integrate the quote into your writing.  Simply inserting a large, indented block quote does not necessarily demonstrate that integration skill.


When you respond to peers about integrating source materials, please look for their addressing all elements of the assignment, including the signal phrase, direct quote and in-text citation for the quotation and the signal phrase, closing commentary, and in-text citation for the paraphrase.  Provide feedback on how the paraphrase reflects the content of the original.


Sharing Visual Element Ideas


After reading the materials in this and previous lessons, including Thonney’s traits of academic writing and this piece from the reading list, Visuals Help You Communicate), share two (2) ideas for visual elements that might be helpful in your research paper. Try to be as specific as possible. You may not find exactly the right pieces to add visual interest to your paper, but try to find some that might be similar to what you could use.  You can share them as links or attachments.


When you respond to peers about visual elements, give constructive feedback about their ideas. Refer to the readings and the lesson as you think about criteria for evaluating these sources. If you have some other suggestions, feel free to share other examples.  This is an opportunity to be a sharing, collaborative community.



Here are some FAQs and answers from the APUS Library that may help you:


Why do I need to cite my sources?



What is the Academic Integrity Tutorial?



How do I paraphrase or quote my sources correctly?



Are there any good citation management tools that I can use?



Please see rubric for grading criteria.

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